Causes and Remedies of Throat Infection
Throat infection is a bacterial infection in the throat and the tonsils. A sore throat is commonly spread by: sharing drink, coughing, nose blowing, and sneezing. Viral infection can also be the cause of throat infection, like those which cause colds and flu. These are more common in the winter, when we spend more time indoors in contact with other people, enabling germs to spread rapidly.
Symptoms of a sore throat caused by bacteria or a virus can include
a) Painful red throat.
b) Swollen tonsils.
c) Difficulty in swallowing.
d) Fever
e) Headache
f) Swollen lymph glands and neck stiffness
g) Pain may spread to the ears
h) In some cases, there can be a painful redness around the mouth or small painful sores on the lips and inside the mouth.
Causes of Throat Infection
1.  Bacterial infection
2.  Viruses
3.  Tonsillitis
4.  Glandular fever and tonsillitis
5.  Breathing through the mouth can cause the throat to dry and become painful.
6. Fish, chicken bone, or other foreign substance increases the risk of throat problems.
Treatment of Throat Infection
1.  Drinking plenty of non-alcoholic fluids. Garlic contains a antiviral and antibacterial agent. So eating garlic, provides relief.
2.  Gargling with warm salty water is very beneficial for the treatment of sore throat.
3.  If one has a temperature paracetamol can be taken to reduce it.
4.  Ginger tea is very effective in the treatment of throat problems.
5.  Adults may try gargling with soluble aspirin before swallowing it.
6.  Suck throat lozenges (available from chemists and some supermarkets).
7.  Use throat sprays (available from chemists and some supermarkets).
8.  Do not smoke.
9.  Avoid alcohol.
10.  Mix 1 tsp. lime juice and 1 Tbls. honey. Swallow tiny amounts slowly 2-3 times a day
  • Throat infections can strike anytime in cold weather.
  • Beware of your toothbrush. Left overnight it can be potential risk before brushing soak it in glass of hot water to which a teaspoonful of common salt has been added.
  • Chew a clove every morning (after removing the flower) to ensure daily protection.
  • Take a half cup of hot water add a pinch of salt and 5gms of turmeric powder to it. Drink this mixture every night to protect your throat.
  • Inculcate the habit of gargling with a glass of luke warm water to which a pinch of salt has been added every night after brushing your teeth. This will help disinfect the throat and mouth.
  • Drinking a lot of fluids will help, but stay away from sodas and drinks that contain caffeine as these tend to dehydrate you. If swallowing becomes painful sip hot water through a straw.
  • Getting some extra rest will speed up recovery.
  • To avoid a sore throat, or colds and flu, follow these rules:
  • Wash your hands often
  • Keep your distance from people who are ill
  • Don’t share eating utensils, glasses, napkins, food, or towels.
  • Don’t let your mouth come in contact with public phones or drinking fountains.
  • Humidify your home if the air is dry.
  • If you’re going on a plane keep the air nozzle closed as the air circulating through the cabin can spread germs that cause infection.
  • Regularly clean surfaces in your home: telephones, TV, remotes computer keyboards, and surfaces of your sinks in kitchen or bathrooms.

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